Taekwondo is a martial art and an Olympic sport that, without the use of weapons, teaches the practitioners techniques for defense and attack, in addition to guiding them to the true path of life. Taekwondo, translated literally, means the “Art of Hand and Foot Fighting”. The development of Taekwondo can be traced back to about 2,000 years ago to the country known as Korea today. At that time, Taekwondo was known as Taekyon or Subak, and was widespread as basic training for the martial arts. In the 20th century, with the Japanese occupation of Korea, martial art instruction was forbidden. However, various types of Korean martial arts continued to be popular as physical and spiritual practices. In 1955, 10 years after the liberation of Korea, the various Korean martial art styles were united into one single style, which was known as “Taekwondo”.
I) Pattern or form (Poomse) is a series of movements of the various kicks, blocks and techniques of Taekwondo which the practitioner perfects against an imaginary opponent(s). The official poomse for competition shall be those recognized by the World Taekwondo Federation. Those poomse are Taegeuk Pattern 1 to 8 (Color Belts), Koryo (1st Dan), Keumgang (2nd Dan), Taebaek (3rd Dan), Pyongwon (4th Dan), Sipjin and Jitae (5th Dan), Chonkwon, Hansu, and Ilyeo (6th Dan).
II)Sparring (Kyorugi) is the practical application of various forms of self defense with an actual partner.
III)Breaking (Kyukpa) is a technique by which the practitioner can gauge the precision and power of this technique by breaking a solid object such as board or brick.
IV)Self-Defense (Ho Shin Sool) is the study of how to use an attacker’s strength or skill against him/her. The practitioner learns when, how, and where to attack an assailant using “pressure points” (areas of the body that, when pressed cause intense pain).
V)Meditation (Jung Shin Tong) is for the practice of one’s concentration in order to focus on precision and power; to visualize goals, and to listen to one’s conscience for internalizing important truths and moral standards.
Taekwondo aims to achieve the following tenets:
|I)||Courtesy – to promote the spirit of mutual concessions; to be ashamed of one’s contempt of other; to be polite to one another; to encourage the sense of justice; to distinguish instructor from student and senior from junior.|
|II)||Integrity – in Taekwondo, integrity means being able to define right from wrong, and to have a conscience, when wrong, to feel guilt.|
|III)||Perseverance – there is an old Oriental saying; “Patience leads to virtue or merit”. A serious student must learn not to be impatient; to continue steadfastly, to persevere.|
|IV)||Self Control – a loss of one’s self-control can prove disastrous to both him – or herself and others. An inability to work within one’s capability is also lack of self-control.|
|V)||Indomitable Spirit – a serious student will at all times be modest and honest. If confronted with injustice, he will deal with the belligerent without any fear or hesitation at all, with indomitable spirit, regardless of whosoever and however many the number may be.|
Source : http://www.wustaekwondo.com